How to Pick the Right Skin-Care Acid? A study has shown that, over 80% of women do not even know what they are putting on their skin in the name of skin care. Many of us rate a skin product’s effectiveness in terms of brand value, claims and other’s experience. As a result, we often face disappointments when our thousand-buck skin care does not show the expected result. Moreover, many women want to put only ‘organic’ things in their face but they are not even aware that plant produced skin care ingredients are also chemicals of organic nature. Recently various organic acids have gained lots of popularity in the skin care world. These acids, when used in proper strength to the proper skin type, can definitely work wonders. Here is some basic info about common skin care acids. Do read them before doing your next skin care haul for a transformed skin!
# Salicylic Acid
In biochemistry, Salicylic acid is a type of Beta hydroxyl acid. This is a white colored odorless powder like substance from aspirin group. It used in various face cleansers, clarifying shampoos, pain-relief balms. This is a lipophilic substance; that means it can dissolve oil. This is an excelled face cleanser for unclogging pores, removing excess sebum from the skin and providing gentle exfoliation. 2%, 1% and 0.5% are the most effective strengths of salicylic acid for regular skin care.
Suitable for: Oily, acne-prone or mature skin
Product: Neutrogena Oil-free Acne Wash (2% salicylic acid)
# Alpha Hydroxy Acids
Alpha hydroxy acid is a broad category that hosts several skin-friendly acids like Glycolic acid, Lactic acid, Citric acid, Mandelic acid, Malic acid etc. All these acids come with certain skin peeling powers. These are stronger skin exfoliants than salicylic acid so they need to be used carefully. Glycolic acid is made from sugar, lactic acid is a milk derivative and the other acids in this category are plant produced. These acids are great for treating acne and pigmentation.
Suitable for: oily, normal, acne-prone, pigmented, mature and dull skin
Product: Pixi Glow Toner, Neutrogena Blackhead Toner,
# Hyaluronic acid
Though there is ‘acid’ in the name of hyaluronic acid, it is actually a humectant moisturizer like honey and glycerine. Newborn babies have plenty of hyaluronic acids in their skin cells and that is why their skin looks so plump and moist. As we age, our skin reduces the production of this. Most sheet masks, essences and face serums have Hyaluronic acid for providing instant hydration.
Suitable for: All skin types
Product: L’Oreal Paris Genious Water, Etude House Pore Toner, Laneige Water series, Neutrogena Hydroboost range
# Retinoic acid
Retinoic acid is a biochemically derived product of Vitamin A. This acid mildly exfoliates the skin, inflates cell renewal process and helps in fighting premature aging. Retinoic acids are prescription medicine but their milder counterpart retinols are used in much expensive anti-aging skincare. This acid can be harsh on the skin, so mildest strength should be used at first and gradually the strength should be increased.
Suitable for: Mature, dull skin
Product: Neutrogena AgeRepair Day and Night Moisturizer
# Ascorbic Acid
Ascorbic Acid is the biochemical name for Vitamin C. It is an anti-oxidant that protects the skin from pollution, free radical damage and sun damages. This ingredient helps in collagen formation of the skin and stimulates cell regeneration. This is a mild ingredient to treat hyperpigmentation and dullness.
Suitable for: All skin types
Product: The body Shop Vitamin C range
# Kojic Acid
Kojic acid is produced from the rice fermentation process of an anaerobic bacteria Aspergillum. This acid is one of the best skin pigmentation solutions that came from the traditional alternative medicine of East Asia. This is used to treat uneven skin tones. This acid, when used in high concentration, can cause skin irritation so this should be used carefully.
Suitable for: Normal, pigmented skin
Product: Kojicare skin cream, Kojivit gel